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2018年12月英語四級近義詞配對練習匯總

英語四級近義詞配對練習(1)

找出與句子中加粗單詞意義相近的詞

1. When her husband was given a job overseas, she had to decide whether to accompany him or not.

(A) go with (B) argue with (C) avoid

2. In the middle of the night the sleeping campers were alarmed by a loud crash.

(A) excited (B) signaled (C) frightened

3. One of California's greatest problems is providing adequate water to meet the needs of its expanding population.

(A) sufficient (B) palatable (C) suitable

4. Although South Carolina's mineral resources are abundant, not all of them can be mined lucratively.

(A) molten (B) plentiful (C) diverse

5. While they were away on vacation, they allowed their mail to accumulate the post office.

(A) pile up (B) get lost (C) be returned

6. Lorraine Hansberry acquired a deep affection for Africa and its people from her uncle William, a professor of African history at Howard University.

(A) respect (B) longing (C) fondness

7. The accommodations of this hotel are limited to 600 persons.

(A) epoches (B) lodgings (C) fiascoes

8. Can you account for how the money got into your bag?

(A) explain (B) tally (C) survey

9. When transferred from one container to another of a different design, a liquid will maintain its volume but alter its shape.

(A) modify(B)stretch (C) confine

10. The road west gave access to the lake.

(A) ascendancy (B) approach(C)exit

答案:ACABA CBAAB

詳解:

go with

相伴; 跟…相配; 跟…談戀愛; 趕時髦

I shall advertise for someone to go with me.

我將登廣告尋人和我同去。

frightened

adj.害怕的; 受驚的

v.(使)驚恐( frighten的過去式和過去分詞); 嚇唬

In a way, I suppose I'm frightened of failing.

我想我有點懼怕失敗。

sufficient

adj.足夠的; 充足的; 充分的

The money to build the power station ought to have been sufficient.

建設電站的資金本該足夠了。

plentiful

adj.豐富的; 富產的; 豐饒的; 充沛

There is a plentiful supply of arms on the black market.

黑市上有大量武器出售。

pile up

堆放,堆積; 積聚; 成堆

Three people died in a multiple pile-up in freezing fog.

有三人死于凍霧引起的連環車禍中。

fondness

n.喜愛,鐘愛; 溺愛

I've always had a fondness for jewels.

我一直很喜歡珠寶。

lodgings

n.寄宿; 住所; 寄宿舍; 租住的房間; 出租的房間( lodging的名詞復數 ); 暫住; 寄宿; 借宿

David had changed his lodgings, leaving no address behind.

戴維換了一間租屋,沒留下地址。

explain

vt.& vi.講解,解釋

vt.說明…的原因,辯解

vi.說明,解釋,辯解

Her aggressiveness made it difficult for him to explain his own feelings.

她咄咄逼人的態度讓他難以解釋自己的感情。

modify

vi.被修飾; 修改

vt.改變; 減輕,減緩; [語]修飾,(用變音符號)改變

You'd better modify your tone.

你最好說得婉轉一點.

approach

vt.& vi.接近,走近,靠近

vt.接近; 著手處理; 使移近; 試圖賄賂(或影響,疏通)

n.方法; 途徑; 接近

vi.靠近

We have a very communicative approach to teaching languages.

我們在語言教學中非常強調交際教學法。