1. 彼得一直沒有來的原因是他沒趕上這班火車。(catch)

  2. 他認為每次考試作好準備是重要的。(it)

  3. 學好一門外語需要時間和努力。(effort)

  4. 如何解決這道難題將在明天的會上討論。(solve)

  5. 對學生來說,把座位讓給這位老年婦女是最禮貌的。(polite)

  6. 與湯姆打賭是沒有用的,因為他永遠不會改變他的想法。(no use)

  7. 我寧可失去這場比賽,也不愿意傷害他。(would rather)

  8. 除了請醫生外,似乎沒有別的事可做。(nothing but)

  9. 據說這本書已被譯成好幾種外語。(translate)

  10. 愛倫今天上午缺席,因為她要去補牙。(have sth. done)

  11. 我不能讓你整天上上下下地跑著。(have sb doing)

  12. 噪音那么多,以至于演講者無法使自己被聽眾聽清楚。(so… that)

  13. 作為奧林匹克運動會的主辦國是不容易的。(easy

  14. 成年人有時太忙,不能玩耍。(too… to)

  15. 老師們認為英語語法不難學。(think)

  16. 他給了我很大的幫助,真是不勝感激。(It’s …of sb)

  17. 不懂裝懂的人總有一天會受到懲罰。(pretend)

  18. 說實話,直到昨天我才知道他們去上海了。(not… until)

  19. 只有通過實踐,才能提高你的口語水平。(only)

  20. 再也沒有比看到學生的進步更使老師們高興的了。(nothing… than)

  參考答案:

  1. The reason why Peter hasn’t come is that he didn’t catch the train.

  2. He thinks it important that he does full preparation before the examinations every time.

  3. Learning a foreign language well requires time and effort.

  4. How to solve the problem will be discussed at tomorrow’s meeting.

  5. It is polite for the student to give up his seat to the elderly woman.

  6. It is no use debating with Tom, because he will never change his mind.

  7. I’d rather lose the game than hurt him.

  8. There seemed nothing else to do but send for a doctor.

  9. It is said that the book has been translated into several foreign languages.

  10. Ellen was absent this morning because she had her tooth filled.

  11. I can’t have you running up and down all day long.

  12. There was so much noise that the speaker couldn’t make himself heard.

  13. It is not easy to be a host nation for the Olympics.

  14. Adults are sometimes too busy to play.

  15. The teachers don’t think it is difficult to learn English grammar.

  16. It is very kind of him to give me so much help.

  17. Those who pretend to know what they do not know will be punished one day.

  18. To tell the truth, I didn’t know that they had already gone to Shanghai until yesterday.

  19. Only by practice will you be able to improve your spoken English.

  20. Nothing can give teachers more pleasure than to see the students’ progress.